Rationale: Hispanic/Latino populations have a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and may be at risk for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). An understanding of SDB among these populations is needed given evidence that SDB increases cardiovascular risk. Objectives: To quantify SDB prevalence in the U.S. Hispanic/Latino population and its association with symptoms, risk factors, diabetes, and hypertension; and to explore variation by sex and Hispanic/Latino background. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis from the baseline examination of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Measurements and Main Results: The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was derived from standardized sleep tests; diabetes and hypertension were based on measurement and history. The sample of 14,440 individuals had an age-adjusted prevalence of minimal SDB (AHI≥5), moderateSDB (AHI≥15), and severeSDB (AHI≥30) of 25.8, 9.8, and 3.9%, respectively. Only 1.3% of participants reported a sleep apnea diagnosis. Moderate SDB was associated with being male (adjusted odds ratio, 2.7; 95% confidence interval, 2.3-3.1), obese (16.8; 11.6-24.4), and older. SDB was associated with an increased adjusted odds of impaired glucose tolerance (1.7; 1.3-2.1), diabetes (2.3; 1.8-2.9), and hypertension. The association with hypertension varied across background groups with the strongest associations among individuals of Puerto Rican and Central American background. Conclusions: SDB is prevalent in U.S. Latinos but rarely associated with a clinical diagnosis. Associations with diabetes and hypertension suggest a large burden of disease may be attributed to untreated SDB, supporting the development and evaluation of culturally relevant detection and treatment approaches.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2014|
- Sleep-disordered breathing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Sleep-disordered breathing in Hispanic/Latino individuals of diverse backgrounds : The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. / Redline, Susan; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela; Loredo, Jose; Hall, Martica; Patel, Sanjay R.; Ramos, Alberto; Shah, Neomi; Ries, Andrew; Arens, Raanan; Barnhart, Janice; Youngblood, Marston; Zee, Phyllis; Daviglus, Martha L.In: American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, Vol. 189, No. 3, 01.02.2014, p. 335-344.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article