Study Objectives: There are few studies measuring postoperative respiratory complications in obese children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) undergoing adenotonsillectomy (AT). These complications are further compounded by perioperative medications. Our objective was to study obese children with OSA for their respiratory characteristics and sleep architecture on the night of AT. Methods: This was a prospective study at a tertiary pediatric hospital between January 2009-February 2012. Twenty obese children between 8-17 years of age with OSA and adenotonsillar hypertrophy were recruited. Patients underwent baseline polysomnography (PSG) and AT with or without additional debulking procedures, followed by a second PSG on the night of surgery. Demographic and clinical variables, surgical details, perioperative anesthetics and analgesics, and PSG respiratory and sleep architecture parameters were recorded. Statistical tests included Pearson correlation coefficient for correlation between continuous variables and chi-square and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests for differences between groups. Results: Baseline PSG showed OSA with mean obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (oAHI) 27.1 ± 22.9, SpO2 nadir 80.1 ± 7.9%, and sleep fragmentationarousal index 25.5 ± 22.0. Postoperatively, 85% of patients had abnormal sleep studies similar to baseline, with postoperative oAHI 27.0 ± 34.3 (P = .204), SpO2 nadir, 82.0 ± 8.7% (P = .462), and arousal index, 24.3 ± 24.0 (P = .295). Sleep architecture was abnormal after surgery, showing a significant decrease in REM sleep (P = .003), and a corresponding increase in N2 (P = .017). Conclusions: Obese children undergoing AT for OSA are at increased risk for residual OSA on the night of surgery. Special considerations should be taken for postoperative monitoring and treatment of these children. Commentary: A commentary on this article appears in this issue on page 775.
- Adenotonsillar hypertrophy
- Obstructive sleep apnea
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Clinical Neurology