Situational awareness in public health preparedness settings

Parsa Mirhaji, Yanko F. Michea, Jiajie Zhang, Samuel W. Casscells

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

September 11 2001 attacks and following Anthrax mailings introduced emergent need for developing technologies that can distinguish between man made and natural incidents in the public health level. With this objective in mind, government agencies started a funding effort to foster the design, development and implementation of such systems on a wide scale. Public health surveillance systems showed great potential for the improvement of the nation's preparedness against the threat of bioterrorist attacks. But the outcomes have not met the expectations set by the resources invested. Multiple elements explain this phenomenon: As it has been frequent with technology, introduction of new surveillance systems to the workflow equation has occurred without taking into consideration the need for understanding and inclusion of deeper personal, psychosocial, organizational and methodological concepts. The environment, in which these systems are operating, is complex, highly dynamic, uncertain, risky, and subject to intense time pressures. Such 'difficult' environments are very challenging to the human as a decision maker. In this paper we will challenge these systems from the perspective of human factors design. We will propose employment of systematic situational awareness research for design and implementation of the next generation public health preparedness infrastructures. We believe that systems designed based on results of such analytical definition of the domain enable public health practitioners to effectively collect the most important cues from the environment, process, interpret and understand the information in the context of organizational objectives and immediate tasks at hand, and use that understanding to forecast the short term and long term impact of the events in the safety and well being of the community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsE.M. Carapezza
Pages81-91
Number of pages11
Volume5778
EditionPART I
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventSensors, and Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Technologies for Homeland Security and Homeland Defence IV - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Mar 28 2005Apr 1 2005

Other

OtherSensors, and Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Technologies for Homeland Security and Homeland Defence IV
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period3/28/054/1/05

Fingerprint

public health
situational awareness
Public health
surveillance
attack
cues
Human engineering
forecasting
safety
resources
inclusions

Keywords

  • Goal-Directed Task Analysis
  • Public Health Preparedness
  • Public Health Situation Awareness
  • Situation awareness research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Mirhaji, P., Michea, Y. F., Zhang, J., & Casscells, S. W. (2005). Situational awareness in public health preparedness settings. In E. M. Carapezza (Ed.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (PART I ed., Vol. 5778, pp. 81-91). [16] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.607114

Situational awareness in public health preparedness settings. / Mirhaji, Parsa; Michea, Yanko F.; Zhang, Jiajie; Casscells, Samuel W.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. ed. / E.M. Carapezza. Vol. 5778 PART I. ed. 2005. p. 81-91 16.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Mirhaji, P, Michea, YF, Zhang, J & Casscells, SW 2005, Situational awareness in public health preparedness settings. in EM Carapezza (ed.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. PART I edn, vol. 5778, 16, pp. 81-91, Sensors, and Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Technologies for Homeland Security and Homeland Defence IV, Orlando, FL, United States, 3/28/05. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.607114
Mirhaji P, Michea YF, Zhang J, Casscells SW. Situational awareness in public health preparedness settings. In Carapezza EM, editor, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. PART I ed. Vol. 5778. 2005. p. 81-91. 16 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.607114
Mirhaji, Parsa ; Michea, Yanko F. ; Zhang, Jiajie ; Casscells, Samuel W. / Situational awareness in public health preparedness settings. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. editor / E.M. Carapezza. Vol. 5778 PART I. ed. 2005. pp. 81-91
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