Significant contribution of spleen cells in mediating the lethal effects of endotoxin in vivo

L. M. Glode, S. E. Mergenhagen, D. L. Rosenstreich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two closely related, histocompatible mouse strains that have marked differences in both in vitro and in vivo responses to endotoxin were used to evaluate the contribution of lymphoid cells to the lethal effect of endotoxin. C3H/HeJ mice are endotoxin resistant, whereas C3H/HeN mice are endotoxin sensitive. In vitro spleen cell mitogenic responses to endotoxin were similar in untreated mice and in mice that received sublethal irradiation (450 R) followed by reconstitution with autologous spleen cells. Reconstitution with spleen cells from the related strain produced chimeric animals with spleen cell mitogenic activity like that of the donor strain. When chimeric animals were subjected to a lethal challenge of endotoxin, their response was markedly altered by the transferred lymphoid cells. C3H/HeJ animals reconstituted with C3H/HeN cells became more endotoxin sensitive, whereas C3H/HeN animals reconstituted with C3H/HeJ cells became more endotoxin resistant. These results indicate that spleen cells play a significant, detrimental role in endotoxin induced lethality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)626-630
Number of pages5
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume14
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1976
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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