Significant Change in Predicted Risk of Biochemical Recurrence After Radical Prostatectomy More Common in Black Than in White Men

Melissa A. Laudano, Ketan K. Badani, Tara R. McCann, Mark J. Mann, Chad Ritch, Manisha Desai, Mitchell C. Benson, James M. McKiernan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To examine by race how frequently the data after radical prostatectomy translates into a substantial change in prognosis. Many nomograms exist to predict the survival outcomes using the pretreatment clinical parameters and post-treatment pathologic parameters. Race might be an important factor affecting their predictive ability. Methods: Kattan nomograms were used to calculate the pretreatment and post-radical prostatectomy 5-year progression-free probability for each patient. The difference between the nomogram scores was used to divide the patients into 3 groups. A decrease in probability of ≥15 percentage points was classified as a significant increase in the probability of recurrence, an increase of ≥15 points was classified as a significant decrease in the probability of recurrence, and an absolute change of <15 points was considered no significant change. Results: The data from 1709 (132 black and 1577 white) men were analyzed. Among the black men, 26.5% had an increase in the probability of recurrence, 57.6% had no change, and 15.9% had a decrease in the probability of recurrence. Among the white men, 13.8% had an increase in the probability of recurrence, 64.5% had no change, and 21.7% had a decrease in the probability of recurrence. Black men were twice as likely to have a significant increase in the probability of recurrence postoperatively compared with white men after adjusting for preoperative prostate-specific antigen level, clinical stage, and biopsy Gleason sum (odds ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.3-3.1, P = .002). Conclusions: These data could assist clinicians when counseling black men regarding their treatment options according to their preoperative risk profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)660-664
Number of pages5
JournalUrology
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Prostatectomy
Recurrence
Nomograms
Aptitude
Prostate-Specific Antigen
Counseling
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Biopsy
Survival
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Significant Change in Predicted Risk of Biochemical Recurrence After Radical Prostatectomy More Common in Black Than in White Men. / Laudano, Melissa A.; Badani, Ketan K.; McCann, Tara R.; Mann, Mark J.; Ritch, Chad; Desai, Manisha; Benson, Mitchell C.; McKiernan, James M.

In: Urology, Vol. 74, No. 3, 01.09.2009, p. 660-664.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laudano, Melissa A. ; Badani, Ketan K. ; McCann, Tara R. ; Mann, Mark J. ; Ritch, Chad ; Desai, Manisha ; Benson, Mitchell C. ; McKiernan, James M. / Significant Change in Predicted Risk of Biochemical Recurrence After Radical Prostatectomy More Common in Black Than in White Men. In: Urology. 2009 ; Vol. 74, No. 3. pp. 660-664.
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abstract = "Objectives: To examine by race how frequently the data after radical prostatectomy translates into a substantial change in prognosis. Many nomograms exist to predict the survival outcomes using the pretreatment clinical parameters and post-treatment pathologic parameters. Race might be an important factor affecting their predictive ability. Methods: Kattan nomograms were used to calculate the pretreatment and post-radical prostatectomy 5-year progression-free probability for each patient. The difference between the nomogram scores was used to divide the patients into 3 groups. A decrease in probability of ≥15 percentage points was classified as a significant increase in the probability of recurrence, an increase of ≥15 points was classified as a significant decrease in the probability of recurrence, and an absolute change of <15 points was considered no significant change. Results: The data from 1709 (132 black and 1577 white) men were analyzed. Among the black men, 26.5{\%} had an increase in the probability of recurrence, 57.6{\%} had no change, and 15.9{\%} had a decrease in the probability of recurrence. Among the white men, 13.8{\%} had an increase in the probability of recurrence, 64.5{\%} had no change, and 21.7{\%} had a decrease in the probability of recurrence. Black men were twice as likely to have a significant increase in the probability of recurrence postoperatively compared with white men after adjusting for preoperative prostate-specific antigen level, clinical stage, and biopsy Gleason sum (odds ratio 2.0, 95{\%} confidence interval 1.3-3.1, P = .002). Conclusions: These data could assist clinicians when counseling black men regarding their treatment options according to their preoperative risk profile.",
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AU - Mann, Mark J.

AU - Ritch, Chad

AU - Desai, Manisha

AU - Benson, Mitchell C.

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