To prospectively assess intramyocellular lipids (IMCL) and extramyocellular lipids (EMCL) using single voxel spectroscopy (SVS) and multi voxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MVS) in soleus muscle and correlate results with metabolic variables in non-obese (BMI < 23 kg/m2) Asian Indian males. Thirty one patients with diabetes (cases) and twelve normoglycaemic subjects (controls) underwent point resolved spectroscopy sequence (PRESS) of soleus muscle using SVS and MVS in a 3 T MRI scanner. Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) were measured from MRI images and body composition was measured from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The mean IMCL from SVS and MVS were 1.6% and 2.6% in cases and 2.3% and 3.4% in controls respectively. The mean EMCL from SVS and MVS were 1.8% and 3% in cases and 1.5% and 3% respectively in controls. A significant correlation between IMCL and total fat mass (rho = 0.42, p < 0.01) and total body fat (rho = 0.46; p < 0.01) were observed in cases while using the SVS technique and no correlations were found in the MVS technique. The SVS showed significant correlations between total myocellular lipids with VAT and SAT in cases alone. Total myocellular lipids acquired using both techniques showed a significant correlation with BMI, waist circumference, total fat mass, total body fat and truncal fat in cases alone. Quantification of IMCL of soleus muscle using the SVS technique is useful in studying the relationship with metabolic markers in non-obese Asian Indians with diabetes.
- Body composition
- Intramyocellular lipids
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
- Soleus muscle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging