Significance of Lymphovascular Space Invasion by the Sarcomatous Component in Uterine Carcinosarcoma

Koji Matsuo, Yutaka Takazawa, Malcolm S. Ross, Esther Elishaev, Mayu Yunokawa, Todd B. Sheridan, Stephen H. Bush, Merieme M. Klobocista, Erin A. Blake, Tadao Takano, Tsukasa Baba, Shinya Satoh, Masako Shida, Yuji Ikeda, Sosuke Adachi, Takuhei Yokoyama, Munetaka Takekuma, Shiori Yanai, Satoshi Takeuchi, Masato NishimuraKeita Iwasaki, Marian S. Johnson, Masayuki Yoshida, Ardeshir Hakam, Hiroko Machida, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia, Yutaka Ueda, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Hiroshi Kajiwara, Kosei Hasegawa, Masanori Yasuda, Takahito M. Miyake, Takuya Moriya, Yoshiaki Yuba, Terry Morgan, Tomoyuki Fukagawa, Tanja Pejovic, Tadayoshi Nagano, Takeshi Sasaki, Abby M. Richmond, Miriam D. Post, Mian M.K. Shahzad, Dwight D. Im, Hiroshi Yoshida, Takayuki Enomoto, Kohei Omatsu, Frederick R. Ueland, Joseph L. Kelley, Rouzan G. Karabakhtsian, Lynda D. Roman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the significance of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) with a sarcomatous component on the tumor characteristics and clinical outcomes of women with uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS). Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a prior multicenter retrospective study that examined women with stage I–IV UCS who underwent primary hysterectomy. Archived histopathology slides were reviewed and LVSI was scored as follows: LVSI with a carcinomatous component alone (LVSI-carcinoma; n = 375, 76.8%) or LVSI containing a sarcomatous component with or without a carcinomatous component (LVSI-sarcoma; n = 113, 23.2%). Qualitative metrics of LVSI were correlated to clinicopathological factors and survival outcome. Results: Tumors in the LVSI-sarcoma group were more likely to have sarcoma dominance (82.1 vs. 26.4%) heterologous sarcomatous component (51.3 vs. 37.9%), low-grade carcinoma (42.5 vs. 22.4%), and large tumor size (81.0 vs. 70.2%) in the primary tumor site compared with tumors in the LVSI-carcinoma group (all p < 0.05). On multivariate analysis, LVSI-sarcoma was independently associated with decreased progression-free survival (5-year rates: 34.9 vs. 40.8%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.36–2.50, p < 0.001), and cause-specific survival (5-year rates: 41.8 vs. 55.9%, adjusted HR 1.95, 95% CI 1.39–2.75, p < 0.001) compared with LVSI-carcinoma. Postoperative radiotherapy for women with LVSI-sarcoma had a higher reduction rate of recurrence/progression of disease (54% reduction, p = 0.04) compared with postoperative radiotherapy for women with LVSI-carcinoma (26% reduction, p = 0.08). Conclusion: In UCS, the presence of a sarcomatous component in LVSI is particularly prevalent when a tumor has sarcoma dominance. Our study suggests that LVSI containing a sarcomatous component may be a predictor of decreased survival for women with UCS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2756-2766
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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    Matsuo, K., Takazawa, Y., Ross, M. S., Elishaev, E., Yunokawa, M., Sheridan, T. B., Bush, S. H., Klobocista, M. M., Blake, E. A., Takano, T., Baba, T., Satoh, S., Shida, M., Ikeda, Y., Adachi, S., Yokoyama, T., Takekuma, M., Yanai, S., Takeuchi, S., ... Roman, L. D. (2018). Significance of Lymphovascular Space Invasion by the Sarcomatous Component in Uterine Carcinosarcoma. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 25(9), 2756-2766. https://doi.org/10.1245/s10434-018-6547-x