Signal transduction associated with lead-induced neurological disorders: A review

Yuanyuan Fang, Lili Lu, Yuan Liang, Dongjie Peng, Michael Aschner, Yueming Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lead is a heavy metal pollutant that is widely present in the environment. It affects every organ system, yet the nervous system appears to be the most sensitive and primary target. Although many countries have made significant strides in controlling Pb pollution, Pb poisoning continuous to be a major public health concern. Exposure to Pb causes neurotoxicity that ranges from neurodevelopmental disorders to severe neurodegenerative lesions, leading to impairments in learning, memory, and cognitive function. Studies on the mechanisms of Pb-induced nervous system injury have convincingly shown that this metal can affect a plethora of cellular pathways affecting on cell survival, altering calcium dyshomeostasis, and inducing apoptosis, inflammation, energy metabolism disorders, oxidative stress, autophagy and glial stress. This review summarizes recent knowledge on multiple signaling pathways associated with Pb-induced neurological disorders in vivo and in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number112063
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume150
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Autophagy
  • Calcium
  • Inflammation
  • Lead
  • Lead-induced neurotoxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

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