Sigmoid volvulus in elderly patients

Martin P. Bak, Scott J. Boley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We reviewed the records of 51 patients over 65 years of age admitted for an initial episode of sigmoid volvulus, and adequate information about their subsequent course was obtained in 92 percent. Nonoperative reduction of the initial volvulus was attempted in 43 patients and was successful in 39 (91 percent). Eleven patients required emergency operations, with a mortality rate of 36 percent. Six patients had elective resections with no deaths. Thirty-three patients, 32 after nonoperative reduction of a volvulus and 1 after operative reduction, were discharged without definitive treatment. Twenty-three of the 33 patients (70 percent) managed by expectant observation had one or more episodes of recurrent volvulus. Five of the 23 patients died from the recurrence without operation, and 16 were operated on either emergently (3 patients) or electively (13 patients) after nonoperative reduction. The mortality rate related to recurrent volvulus or its treatment in the 33 patients observed was 21 percent. The mortality rate for 18 elective resections (6 for initial volvulus and 12 for recurrent volvulus) was 5.6 percent. After successful nonoperative reduction of a sigmoid volvulus in elderly patients, maximal survival is achieved by early elective resection. Age alone is not an adequate reason for adopting a nonoperative approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-75
Number of pages5
JournalThe American Journal of Surgery
Volume151
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

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Intestinal Volvulus
Sigmoid Colon
Mortality
Emergencies
Observation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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Sigmoid volvulus in elderly patients. / Bak, Martin P.; Boley, Scott J.

In: The American Journal of Surgery, Vol. 151, No. 1, 1986, p. 71-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bak, Martin P. ; Boley, Scott J. / Sigmoid volvulus in elderly patients. In: The American Journal of Surgery. 1986 ; Vol. 151, No. 1. pp. 71-75.
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