Short labor

Characteristics and outcome

Theresa R. Mahon, Cynthia Chazotte, Wayne R. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the characteristics and consequences of short labor. Methods: Ninety-nine term pregnancies with singleton vertex presentation and labor lasting 3 hours or less were compared with controls with longer labor, matched to the index cases by maternal age, parity, and birth weight. Results: Short labor occurred mostly in multiparas. Both the first and second stages of labor were found to be shortened in these cases. There was significantly more placental abruption, uterine tachysystole, and maternal cocaine use among short-labor cases. Major perineal lacerations, postpartum hemorrhage, birth trauma, and low Apgar scores were distributed approximately equally between cases and controls. A preponderance of the bad outcomes in the short labors occurred in the subgroup of those with rates of dilatation and descent that exceeded established 95th percentile limits. Conclusion: Labors of 3 hours or less in duration were strongly associated with placental abruption, but were otherwise not major contributors to maternal and fetal morbidity. (Obstet Gynecol 1994;84:47-51).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-51
Number of pages5
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume84
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994

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Abruptio Placentae
Labor Presentation
Mothers
Second Labor Stage
First Labor Stage
Postpartum Hemorrhage
Apgar Score
Lacerations
Maternal Age
Parity
Cocaine
Birth Weight
Dilatation
Parturition
Morbidity
Pregnancy
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Mahon, T. R., Chazotte, C., & Cohen, W. R. (1994). Short labor: Characteristics and outcome. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 84(1), 47-51.

Short labor : Characteristics and outcome. / Mahon, Theresa R.; Chazotte, Cynthia; Cohen, Wayne R.

In: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 84, No. 1, 1994, p. 47-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mahon, TR, Chazotte, C & Cohen, WR 1994, 'Short labor: Characteristics and outcome', Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 47-51.
Mahon TR, Chazotte C, Cohen WR. Short labor: Characteristics and outcome. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1994;84(1):47-51.
Mahon, Theresa R. ; Chazotte, Cynthia ; Cohen, Wayne R. / Short labor : Characteristics and outcome. In: Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1994 ; Vol. 84, No. 1. pp. 47-51.
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