Serum and follicular fluid monocyte chemotactic protein-1 levels are elevated in obese women and are associated with poorer clinical pregnancy rate after in vitro fertilization: a pilot study

Erkan Buyuk, Obehi A. Asemota, Zaher Merhi, Maureen J. Charron, Dara S. Berger, Athena Zapantis, Sangita K. Jindal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To determine whether monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), a proinflammatory chemokine important in ovulation, is abnormally elevated in obese women undergoing IVF and whether serum and follicular fluid (FF) levels of MCP-1 are associated with IVF outcome. Design Prospective pilot study. Setting Academic center. Patient(s) Women undergoing IVF. Intervention(s) Serum and FF were collected from women undergoing IVF. Main Outcome Measure(s) Correlation between MCP-1 and other inflammatory markers with adiposity and pregnancy outcome after IVF. Result(s) Obese women had significantly higher serum and FF MCP-1 levels compared with overweight and normal weight women. Serum MCP-1, granulocyte colony stimulating factor, catalase, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were positively correlated with body mass index (BMI). After adjusting for age and baseline FSH, these correlations remained significant for serum MCP-1, granulocyte colony stimulating factor, and CRP. In the FF, only MCP-1 was positively correlated with BMI. Women who became pregnant had significantly lower serum MCP-1 and CRP levels compared with those who did not become pregnant; this difference was more pronounced among women with diminished ovarian reserve. Receiver operating characteristic curve demonstrated that serum MCP-1 levels >373.0 pg/mL in all women and >362.6pg/mL in women with diminished ovarian reserve predicted failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy. Conclusion(s) Elevations in serum and FF MCP-1 levels are positively correlated with adiposity and negatively correlated with pregnancy rates (PRs) in women undergoing IVF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)632-640.e3
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume107
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • IVF
  • MCP-1
  • Obesity
  • follicular fluid
  • ovary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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