Serum IgG antibodies to human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16, 18, 31, and 45 virus-like particles were measured in a nested case-control study of cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions. HPV-16 seroreactivity was strongly associated with HPV-16 DNA detection (odds ratio, 9.0; 95% confidence interval, 4.4-19.4), and similar type specificity was observed for HPV-31 and -45. In contrast, seroreactivity to any type was associated with elevated seroreactivity to all others. Among cases and controls, HPV-16 showed the highest seroprevalence, with 23.8% of 80 cases and 10.5% of 258 controls seroreactive to HPV-16 alone, and another 27.5% and 5.4%, respectively, seroreactive to HPV-16 plus other types. Overall, 24 (30.0%) cases and 17 (6.6%) controls were seroreactive to multiple types. These data suggest that seroreactivity to a given type reflects mainly type-specific HPV infection as measured by DNA detection and may also signal past exposure to other types that are now only serologically detected.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|State||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases