Self-reported and accelerometer-measured physical activity by body mass index in US Hispanic/Latino adults: HCHS/SOL

P. Palta, R. G. McMurray, N. A. Gouskova, D. Sotres-Alvarez, S. M. Davis, M. Carnethon, S. F. Castañeda, M. D. Gellman, A. L. Hankinson, C. R. Isasi, N. Schneiderman, G. A. Talavera, K. R. Evenson

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Abstract

The association between obesity and physical activity has not been widely examined in an ethnically diverse sample of Hispanic/Latino adults in the US. A cross-sectional analysis of 16,094 Hispanic/Latino adults 18-74. years was conducted from the multi-site Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Body mass index (BMI) was measured and categorized into normal, overweight, and obese; underweight participants were excluded from analyses. Physical activity was measured using the 16-item Global Physical Activity Questionnaire and by an Actical accelerometer. Minutes/day of physical activity and prevalence of engaging in ≥. 150 moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) minutes/week were estimated by BMI group and sex adjusting for covariates. No adjusted differences were observed in self-reported moderate (MPA), vigorous (VPA), or MVPA across BMI groups. Accelerometry-measured MPA, VPA, and MVPA were significantly higher for the normal weight (females: 18.9, 3.8, 22.6. min/day; males: 28.2, 6.1, 34.3. min/day, respectively) compared to the obese group (females: 15.3, 1.5, 16.8. min/day; males: 23.5, 3.6, 27.1. min/day, respectively). The prevalence of engaging in ≥. 150. MVPA minutes/week using accelerometers was lower compared to the self-reported measures. Efforts are needed to reach the Hispanic/Latino population to increase opportunities for an active lifestyle that could reduce obesity in this population at high risk for metabolic disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)824-828
Number of pages5
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Cohort study
  • Hispanic/Latinos
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Palta, P., McMurray, R. G., Gouskova, N. A., Sotres-Alvarez, D., Davis, S. M., Carnethon, M., Castañeda, S. F., Gellman, M. D., Hankinson, A. L., Isasi, C. R., Schneiderman, N., Talavera, G. A., & Evenson, K. R. (2015). Self-reported and accelerometer-measured physical activity by body mass index in US Hispanic/Latino adults: HCHS/SOL. Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 824-828. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.09.006