Increasing demand for renal transplants has stimulated expanded criteria for the use of deceased donors. Recently an official category of "Expanded Criteria Donors" (ECD) was designated by UNOS. This category included any deceased donor (1) greater than age 60 years or (2) age 50 to 59 years with any two of: (a) creatinine greater than 1.5 mg/dL (b) cerebrovascular accident cause of death, or (c) hypertension history. It has been anticipated that at 3 years, 70% of ECD kidneys with serum creatinine greater than 1.5 would be lost. We reviewed our experience with the use of this type of kidney prior to the era of officially designated ECD. Survival rates and serum creatinines were compared to standard criteria donor recipients for the same time period whose donor was greater than 50 years of age and correlated with biopsies. From 1996 to 2003, 341 deceased donor kidneys were transplanted at our center. Of these, 37 were ECD kidneys and 46 were standard criteria donors kidneys. Four pretransplant biopsies had greater than 20% sclerosed glomeruli. Four donors had 0% to 25% arteriosclerosis pretransplant; on postperfusion biopsy, eight had 0% to 25% arteriosclerosis, while three had 25% to 50%. The mean donor age was 61 years; mean recipient age was 54 years; recipient sex was 57% male, and 54% of the recipients were African-American. At 1, 2, and 3 years posttransplant, there was no significant difference between the two groups in serum creatinine, graft survival, or patient survival. Despite using ECD donors, good long-term function can be obtained, particularly if selectivity is exercised.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Dec 2006|
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