Objective. We studied patients undergoing adnexectomy with total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) for ovarian pathology, over a 6-year period. Methods. Chart abstraction, analyzed by ANOVA, Fisher's Exact Test with significance at P < 0.05, stratifying by body mass index (BMI, kg/m 2: ideal < 25; overweight 25-29.9; obese 30+). Results. Of 354 patients undergoing TLH, 90 cases had adnexal pathology: 69 complex masses, 16 BRCA1/2 mutations, 5 unstaged ovarian carcinomas; 48 having ideal BMI, 26 overweight, and 16 obese. Mean age (51 years) and parity (1.2 children) were similar between BMI groups. Thirty-four percent were nulliparous. All 90 underwent TLH, adnexectomy, washings; with 14 appendectomies, 5 lymphadenectomies, 3 node samplings, 6 omentectomies, 8 ureterolyses, and 1 Burch. Mean surgery duration (156 min), blood loss (152cc), and hospital stay (1.9 days) were similar across BMI groups. Mean nodal yield from each lymphadenectomy was 14, and 2.6 from sampling. Mean size of pelvic masses was 8 cm (range 3-19 cm). There were seven cases of ovarian carcinoma: 2 Stage IA, 1 IB, 2 IC, 1 IIC, 1 IIIB; 1 recurrent breast cancer, 16 adenofibromas, 15 endometriomas, 10 dermoids, and 41 serous/mucinous cystadenomas. Mean complication rate was 6.6% (ns): 1 seroma, 1 hematoma, 1 obstructive adhesions, and 3 urological injuries. All urological injuries were within the first third of patients. Conclusions. TLH appears feasible for women with adnexal pathology regardless of BMI, in an oncological practice. This pilot data can facilitate guidelines for a randomized controlled trial of TLH with TAH and LAVH, and help surgeons avoid our early complications.
- Adnexal pathology
- Body mass index
- Total laparoscopic hysterectomy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology