Ribonuclease A (RNase A) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) are selectively taken up and degraded by isolated rat liver lysosomes by very similar processes. The uptake and degradation of both of these proteins are stimulated by the heat shock cognate protein of 73 kDa and ATP/Mg2+. Both binding and uptake of RNase A and GAPDH by lysosomes are saturable, and uptake of RNase A and GAPDH requires a protease-sensitive component within the lysosomal membrane. GAPDH competes for binding and uptake of RNase A by lysosomes and vice versa while another protein, ovalbumin, does not compete. RNase S-peptide (amino acids 1-20 of RNase A) also competes for RNase A binding and uptake by lysosomes, while RNase S- protein (amino acids 21-124 of RNase A) does not compete. The uptake of RNase A by lysosomes appears to involve an intermediate step in which approximately 2 kDa of the polypeptide's COOH terminus remains outside lysosomes while the remainder is inside the lysosomal lumen.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology