Scope and mechanism of carbohydrase action. Stereocomplementary hydrolytic and glucosyl-transferring actions of glucoamylase and glucodextranase with alpha- and beta-D-glucosyl fluoride.

S. Kitahata, C. F. Brewer, D. S. Genghof, T. Sawai, E. J. Hehre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rhizopus niveus glucoamylase and Arthrobacter globiformis glucodextranase, which catalyze the hydrolysis of starch and dextrans, respectively, to form D-glucose of inverted (beta) configuration, were found to convert both alpha- and beta-D-glucosyl fluoride to beta-D-glucose and hydrogen fluoride. Each enzyme directly hydrolyzes alpha-D-glucosyl fluoride but utilizes th beta-anomer in reactions that require 2 molecules of substrate and yield glucosyl transfer products which are then rapidly hydrolyzed to form beta-D-glucose. Various D-glucopyranosyl compounds serve as acceptors for such reactions. Mixtures of beta-D-glucosyl fluoride and methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside[14C], incubated with either enzyme, yielded both methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 leads to 4)-alpha-D-[14C]glucopyranoside and methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 leads to 6)-alpha-D-[14C]glucopyranoside. Glucoamylase produced more of the alpha-maltoside; glucodextranase produced more of the alpha-isomaltoside. Thus, both "exo-alpha-glucan hydrolases" emerge as glucosylases that catalyze stereospecifically complementary hydrolytic and transglucosylative reactions with glucosyl donors of opposite configuration. These reactions not only provide a new view of the catalytic capabilities of these supposedly strict hydrolases; they also furnish a basis for defining a detailed mechanism for catalysis. Present results, together with those of several recent studies from this laboratory (especially similar findings obtained with beta-amylase acting on alpha- and beta-maltosyl fluoride (Hehre, E. J., Brewer, C. F., and Genghof, D. S. (1979) J. Biol. Chem. 254, 5942-5950), provide strong new evidence for the functional flexibility of the catalytic groups of carbohydrases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6017-6026
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume256
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 25 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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