Scarless wound healing: finding the right cells and signals

Tripp Leavitt, Michael S. Hu, Clement D. Marshall, Leandra A. Barnes, H. Peter Lorenz, Michael T. Longaker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

From the moment we are born, every injury to the skin has the potential to form a scar, many of which can impair form and/or function. As such, scar management constitutes a billion-dollar industry. However, effectively promoting scarless wound healing remains an elusive goal. The complex interactions of wound healing contribute to our inability to recapitulate scarless wound repair as it occurs in nature, such as in fetal skin and the oral mucosa. However, many new advances have occurred in recent years, some of which have translated scientific findings from bench to bedside. In vivo lineage tracing has helped establish a variety of novel cellular culprits that may act as key drivers of the fibrotic response. These newly characterized cell populations present further targets for therapeutic intervention, some of which have previously demonstrated promising results in animal models. Here, we discuss several recent studies that identify exciting approaches for diminishing scar formation. Particular attention will also be paid to the canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which plays an important role in both embryogenesis and tissue repair. New insights into the differential effects of Wnt signaling on heterogeneous fibroblast and keratinocyte populations within the skin further demonstrate methods by which wound healing can be re-directed to a more fetal scarless phenotype. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-493
Number of pages11
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Volume365
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fibroblast
  • Scarless
  • Wnt
  • Wound healing
  • β-catenin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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