Same-day discharge following minimally invasive partial and radical nephrectomy: a National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) analysis

Krishna Teja Ravivarapu, Evan Garden, Chih Peng Chin, Micah Levy, Osama Al-Alao, Joseph Sewell-Araya, Alexander Small, Reza Mehrazin, Michael Palese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Minimally invasive partial nephrectomy (MIPN) and radical nephrectomy (MIRN) have successfully resulted in shorter length of stay (LOS) for patients. Using a national cohort, we compared 30-day outcomes of SDD (LOS = 0) versus standard-length discharge (SLD, LOS = 1–3) for MIRN and MIPN. Methods: All patients who underwent MIPN (CPT 50,543) or MIRN (CPT 50,545) in the ACS-NSQIP database from 2012 to 2019 were reviewed. SDD and SLD groups were matched 1:1 by age, sex, race, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and medical comorbidities. We compared baseline characteristics, 30-day Clavien–Dindo (CD) complications, reoperations, and readmissions between SDD and SLD groups. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to evaluate predictors of adverse outcomes. Results: 28,140 minimally invasive nephrectomy patients were included (SDD n = 237 [0.8%], SLD n = 27,903 [99.2%]). There were no significant differences in 30-day readmissions, CD I/II, CDIII, or CD IV complications before and after matching SDD and SLD groups. On multivariate regression analysis, SDD did not confer increased risk of 30-day complications or readmissions for both MIPN and MIRN. Conclusion: SDD after MIPN and MIRN did not confer increased risk of postoperative complications, reoperation, or readmission compared to SLD. Further research should explore optimal patient selection to ensure safe expansion of this initiative.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Ambulatory surgery
  • Outpatient surgery
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Robotic surgery
  • Surgical outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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