Salvador-Warts-Hippo pathway regulates sensory organ development via caspase-dependent nonapoptotic signaling

Lan Hsin Wang, Nicholas E. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The fundamental roles for the Salvador-Warts-Hippo (SWH) pathway are widely characterized in growth regulation and organ size control. However, the function of SWH pathway is less known in cell fate determination. Here we uncover a novel role of the SWH signaling pathway in determination of cell fate during neural precursor (sensory organ precursor, SOP) development. Inactivation of the SWH pathway in SOP of the wing imaginal discs affects caspase-dependent bristle patterning in an apoptosis-independent process. Such nonapoptotic functions of caspases have been implicated in inflammation, proliferation, cellular remodeling, and cell fate determination. Our data indicate an effect on the Wingless (Wg)/Wnt pathway. Previously, caspases were proposed to cleave and activate a negative regulator of Wg/Wnt signaling, Shaggy (Sgg)/GSK3β. Surprisingly, we found that a noncleavable form of Sgg encoded from the endogenous locus after CRISPR-Cas9 modification supported almost normal bristle patterning, indicating that Sgg might not be the main target of the caspase-dependent nonapoptotic process. Collectively, our results outline a new function of SWH signaling that crosstalks to caspase-dependent nonapoptotic signaling and Wg/Wnt signaling in neural precursor development, which might be implicated in neuronal pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalCell death & disease
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 11 2019

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Warts
Caspases
Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats
Cell Proliferation
Imaginal Discs
Wnt Signaling Pathway
Organ Size
Apoptosis
Inflammation
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Salvador-Warts-Hippo pathway regulates sensory organ development via caspase-dependent nonapoptotic signaling. / Wang, Lan Hsin; Baker, Nicholas E.

In: Cell death & disease, Vol. 10, No. 9, 11.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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