Objectives: The STROKE-VT (Safety and Efficacy of Direct Oral Anticoagulant Versus Aspirin for Reduction of Risk of Cerebrovascular Events in Patients Undergoing Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation) study is a multicenter, randomized controlled trial that examined the differences in cerebrovascular events between direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) and aspirin (ASA) use postprocedurally in patients who underwent left ventricular arrhythmia (LVA) ablation (ventricular tachycardia [VT] or premature ventricular contraction [PVC]) using radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Background: There exists limited data regarding antiplatelet or anticoagulation strategy following LVA ablation. Methods: A total of 246 patients scheduled for LVA-RFA were randomized 1:1 postprocedurally to receive DOACs or ASA. The study's primary endpoint was the incidence of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) or asymptomatic cerebrovascular events (ACEs) detected by magnetic resonance imaging at 24 hours and 30 days of follow-up. The secondary endpoints included procedure-related complications (composite of any vascular complication, pericardial complication, heart block, and thromboembolic event, excluding stroke or TIA) and in-hospital mortality. Results: There were no differences between groups regarding baseline and ablation characteristics (except the percentage of patients who underwent VT ablation, rate of amiodarone use, and total RFA time). Postprocedure cerebrovascular events (stroke and TIA) were lower in the DOAC arm versus the ASA arm (0% vs 6.5%; P < 0.001 and 4.9% vs. 18%; P < 0.001, respectively). Patients in the ASA group had more MRI-detected ACEs compared with the DOAC group both at 24-hour (23% vs 12%; P = 0.03) and 30-day (18% vs 6.5%; P = 0.006) follow-up. Acute procedure-related complications and in-hospital mortality were similar between the 2 groups. Conclusions: DOAC use following endocardial and/or epicardial ablation for LVA-RFA was associated with reduced risk of TIA or stroke and asymptomatic MRI-detected cerebrovascular events.
- PVC ablation
- VT ablation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)