Role of lysosome rupture in controlling Nlrp3 signaling and necrotic cell death

Heriberto Lima, Lee S. Jacobson, Michael F. Goldberg, Kartik Chandran, Felipe Diaz-Griffero, Michael P. Lisanti, Jürgen Brojatsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Nod-like receptor, Nlrp3, has been linked to inflammatory diseases and adjuvant-mediated immune responses. A wide array of structurally diverse agents does not interact directly with Nlrp3, but is thought to activate the Nlrp3 inflammasome by inducing a common upstream signal, such as lysosome rupture. To test the connection between lysosome integrity and Nlrp3 signaling, we analyzed inflammasome activation following stimulation of murine macrophages with lysosome-destabilizing agents and pyroptosis inducers. Here we provide evidence that lysosomal rupture and the corresponding release of lysosomal hydrolases is an early event in macrophages exposed to the lysosomedestabilizing adjuvants LLOMe and alum. Lysosome rupture preceded cell death induction mediated by these agents and was associated with the degradation of low-molecular weight proteins, including the inflammasome component caspase-1. Proteolysis of caspase-1 was controlled by specific cathepsins, but was independent of autocatalytic processes and Nlrp3 signaling. Consistent with these findings, lysosome-disrupting agents triggered only minimal caspase-1 activation and failed to cause caspase-1-dependent cell death (pyroptosis), generally associated with Nlrp3 signaling. In contrast, lysosome rupture was a late event in macrophages exposed to prototypical pyroptosis inducers. These agents triggered extensive Nlrp3 signaling prior to lysosome rupture with only minimal impact on the cellular proteome. Taken together, our findings suggest that lysosome impairment triggers a cascade of events culminating in cell death but is not crucial for Nlrp3 signaling. The significant differences observed between lysosome-disrupting agents and pyroptosis inducers might explain the distinct immunologic responses associated with these compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1868-1878
Number of pages11
JournalCell Cycle
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2013

Fingerprint

Lysosomes
Rupture
Cell Death
Inflammasomes
Caspase 1
Macrophages
Cathepsins
Hydrolases
Proteome
Proteolysis
Molecular Weight
Pyroptosis

Keywords

  • Caspase-1
  • Lysosome rupture
  • Necrosis
  • Nlrp3 inflammasome
  • Pyroptosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Lima, H., Jacobson, L. S., Goldberg, M. F., Chandran, K., Diaz-Griffero, F., Lisanti, M. P., & Brojatsch, J. (2013). Role of lysosome rupture in controlling Nlrp3 signaling and necrotic cell death. Cell Cycle, 12(12), 1868-1878. https://doi.org/10.4161/cc.24903

Role of lysosome rupture in controlling Nlrp3 signaling and necrotic cell death. / Lima, Heriberto; Jacobson, Lee S.; Goldberg, Michael F.; Chandran, Kartik; Diaz-Griffero, Felipe; Lisanti, Michael P.; Brojatsch, Jürgen.

In: Cell Cycle, Vol. 12, No. 12, 15.06.2013, p. 1868-1878.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lima, H, Jacobson, LS, Goldberg, MF, Chandran, K, Diaz-Griffero, F, Lisanti, MP & Brojatsch, J 2013, 'Role of lysosome rupture in controlling Nlrp3 signaling and necrotic cell death', Cell Cycle, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1868-1878. https://doi.org/10.4161/cc.24903
Lima, Heriberto ; Jacobson, Lee S. ; Goldberg, Michael F. ; Chandran, Kartik ; Diaz-Griffero, Felipe ; Lisanti, Michael P. ; Brojatsch, Jürgen. / Role of lysosome rupture in controlling Nlrp3 signaling and necrotic cell death. In: Cell Cycle. 2013 ; Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 1868-1878.
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