Risk factors of readmission to acute care hospital among individuals with heart failure and left ventricular assist device (LVAD) at inpatient rehabilitation setting (STROBE compliant article)

Yong Kyun Kim, Nomeda Balcetis, Richard Novitch, Mooyeon Oh-Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

ABSTRACT: In post-acute care hospital setting, the heart failure (HF) individuals with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) have about 30% of transfer to acute care hospitals which requires readmission. There is relative increase in cost and mortality due to the readmission.The goal of this study is to identify possible risk factors at Inpatient Rehabilitation Unit (IRU) to decrease the rate of readmission to acute care hospitals.This study is retrospective study at the Inpatient Rehabilitation Unit (IRU)Twenty one individuals with HF and LVAD were admitted to IRU. We determined 2 subgroups. One is the readmission group (Readmission) and the other is the control group (Control). Readmission (n = 6) is the individuals who were transferred to acute care hospital, and Control (n = 15) is the individuals who were discharged.To compare Readmission group with Control group and evaluate demographic, laboratory, and functional outcome parameters. Main Outcome Measures are Body Mass Index (BMI), International Normalized Ratio (INR), and Functional independence measure (FIM).At admission, INR in Readmission group was 3.4 ± 1.2 and in Control group was 2.2 ± 0.5 with a statistically significant p value (P = .004) and FIM score in Readmission group was 81.2 ± 15.9 and in Control group was 96.3 ± 11.5 with a statistically significant p value (P = .023).The study showed the individuals with HF and LVAD at IRU had high INR and low FIM which may be the cause for readmission and need more attentive care. This data can help identify the factors causing readmission and help reduce the rate of readmission. Further evaluation is necessary to determine the cause for readmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e23618
JournalMedicine
Volume99
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 24 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Risk factors of readmission to acute care hospital among individuals with heart failure and left ventricular assist device (LVAD) at inpatient rehabilitation setting (STROBE compliant article)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this