The Retinoid inducible nuclear factor (Rinf), also known as CXXC5, is a nuclear protein, but its functions in the context of the chromatin are poorly defined. We find that in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), Rinf binds to the chromatin and is enriched at promoters and enhancers of Tet1, Tet2, and pluripotency genes. The Rinf-bound regions show significant overlapping occupancy of pluripotency factors Nanog, Oct4, and Sox2, as well as Tet1 and Tet2. We found that Rinf forms a complex with Nanog, Oct4, Tet1, and Tet2 and facilitates their proper recruitment to regulatory regions of pluripotency and Tet genes in ESCs to positively regulate their transcription. Rinf deficiency in ESCs reduces expression of Rinf target genes, including several pluripotency factors and Tet enzymes, and causes aberrant differentiation. Together, our findings establish Rinf as a regulator of the pluripotency network genes and Tet enzymes in ESCs.
- Tet enzymes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)