RF excitation profiles with FAIR: Impact of truncation of the arterial input function on quantitative perfusion

Michael L. Lipton, Craig A. Branch, Jan Hrabe, David P. Lewis, Joseph A. Helpern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This study investigates the impact of imaging coil length and consequent truncation of the arterial input function on the perfusion signal contrast obtained in the flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR) perfusion imaging measurement. We examined the difference in perfusion contrast achieved with head, head and neck, and body imaging coils based on the hypothesis that the standard head coil provides a truncated input function compared with that provided by the body coil and that this effect will be accentuated at long inversion times. The TI-dependent cerebral response of the FAIR sequence was examined at 1.5 T by varying the TI from 200 to 3500 msec with both the head and whole body coils (n = 5) as well as using a head and neck coil (n = 3). Difference signal intensity ΔM and quantitative cerebral blood flow (CBF) were plotted against TI for each coil configuration. Despite a lower signal-to-noise ratio, relative CBF was significantly greater when measured with the body or head and neck coil compared with the standard head coil for longer inversion times (two-way ANOVA, P ≤ 0.002). This effect is attributed to truncation of the arterial input function of labeled water by the standard head coil and the resultant inflow of unlabaled spins to the image slice during control image acquisition, resulting in overestimation of CBF. The results support the conclusion that the arterial input function depends on the anatomic extent of the inversion pulse in FAIR, particularly at longer mixing times (TI > 1200 msec at 1.5 T). Use of a head and neck coil ensures adequate inversion while preserving SNR that is lost in the body coil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-214
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001


  • Brain, perfusion
  • MR, perfusion study
  • MR, pulse sequences
  • MR, technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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