Review of nutritional assessment and clinical outcomes in pediatric surgical patients

Does preoperative nutritional assessment impact clinical outcomes?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Malnourished adult patients who undergo surgical procedures tend to have worse clinical outcomes compared to well-nourished patients. In the pediatric surgical patient, nutritional assessment is considered a critical aspect of the initial evaluation, but a correlation between preoperative malnutrition and poor surgical outcomes is not clear. We hypothesized that an evidence-based review would reveal that measures of nutritional assessment in children would not correlate pre-operative malnutrition with poor surgical outcomes. Materials and Methods A search of major English language medical databases (Medline, Cochrane, SCOPUS) was conducted for the key words nutritional assessment, pediatric, children, surgery, and outcomes. All methods of nutritional assessment in pediatric surgery were evaluated for their relevance and relation to outcomes after surgery. The Oxford Center for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM) classification for levels of evidence was used to develop grades of clinical recommendation for each variable studied. Results 35 articles were evaluated after an exhaustive literature search, of which six met inclusion criteria for this review. There is a paucity of high quality evidence correlating preoperative malnutrition in pediatric surgical patients with clinical outcomes. Factors contributing to the low level of evidence include a lack of high quality randomized controlled trials, a lack of consensus in study design and methods, and utilization of incongruous methods of nutritional assessment, including methods that may be unproven in the study population. Conclusion Larger multi center randomized studies are needed to offer higher level of evidence to support nutritional intervention prior to major elective pediatric surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)823-830
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nutrition Assessment
Pediatrics
Malnutrition
Nutritional Support
Evidence-Based Medicine
Consensus
Language
Randomized Controlled Trials
Databases
Population

Keywords

  • Anthropometry
  • Nutritional Assessment
  • Pediatric surgery
  • Risk Assessment
  • Surgical Outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Review of nutritional assessment and clinical outcomes in pediatric surgical patients: Does preoperative nutritional assessment impact clinical outcomes?",
abstract = "Introduction Malnourished adult patients who undergo surgical procedures tend to have worse clinical outcomes compared to well-nourished patients. In the pediatric surgical patient, nutritional assessment is considered a critical aspect of the initial evaluation, but a correlation between preoperative malnutrition and poor surgical outcomes is not clear. We hypothesized that an evidence-based review would reveal that measures of nutritional assessment in children would not correlate pre-operative malnutrition with poor surgical outcomes. Materials and Methods A search of major English language medical databases (Medline, Cochrane, SCOPUS) was conducted for the key words nutritional assessment, pediatric, children, surgery, and outcomes. All methods of nutritional assessment in pediatric surgery were evaluated for their relevance and relation to outcomes after surgery. The Oxford Center for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM) classification for levels of evidence was used to develop grades of clinical recommendation for each variable studied. Results 35 articles were evaluated after an exhaustive literature search, of which six met inclusion criteria for this review. There is a paucity of high quality evidence correlating preoperative malnutrition in pediatric surgical patients with clinical outcomes. Factors contributing to the low level of evidence include a lack of high quality randomized controlled trials, a lack of consensus in study design and methods, and utilization of incongruous methods of nutritional assessment, including methods that may be unproven in the study population. Conclusion Larger multi center randomized studies are needed to offer higher level of evidence to support nutritional intervention prior to major elective pediatric surgery.",
keywords = "Anthropometry, Nutritional Assessment, Pediatric surgery, Risk Assessment, Surgical Outcomes",
author = "Scott Wessner and Sathyaprasad Burjonrappa",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2014.01.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "823--830",
journal = "Journal of Pediatric Surgery",
issn = "0022-3468",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
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T2 - Does preoperative nutritional assessment impact clinical outcomes?

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AU - Burjonrappa, Sathyaprasad

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N2 - Introduction Malnourished adult patients who undergo surgical procedures tend to have worse clinical outcomes compared to well-nourished patients. In the pediatric surgical patient, nutritional assessment is considered a critical aspect of the initial evaluation, but a correlation between preoperative malnutrition and poor surgical outcomes is not clear. We hypothesized that an evidence-based review would reveal that measures of nutritional assessment in children would not correlate pre-operative malnutrition with poor surgical outcomes. Materials and Methods A search of major English language medical databases (Medline, Cochrane, SCOPUS) was conducted for the key words nutritional assessment, pediatric, children, surgery, and outcomes. All methods of nutritional assessment in pediatric surgery were evaluated for their relevance and relation to outcomes after surgery. The Oxford Center for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM) classification for levels of evidence was used to develop grades of clinical recommendation for each variable studied. Results 35 articles were evaluated after an exhaustive literature search, of which six met inclusion criteria for this review. There is a paucity of high quality evidence correlating preoperative malnutrition in pediatric surgical patients with clinical outcomes. Factors contributing to the low level of evidence include a lack of high quality randomized controlled trials, a lack of consensus in study design and methods, and utilization of incongruous methods of nutritional assessment, including methods that may be unproven in the study population. Conclusion Larger multi center randomized studies are needed to offer higher level of evidence to support nutritional intervention prior to major elective pediatric surgery.

AB - Introduction Malnourished adult patients who undergo surgical procedures tend to have worse clinical outcomes compared to well-nourished patients. In the pediatric surgical patient, nutritional assessment is considered a critical aspect of the initial evaluation, but a correlation between preoperative malnutrition and poor surgical outcomes is not clear. We hypothesized that an evidence-based review would reveal that measures of nutritional assessment in children would not correlate pre-operative malnutrition with poor surgical outcomes. Materials and Methods A search of major English language medical databases (Medline, Cochrane, SCOPUS) was conducted for the key words nutritional assessment, pediatric, children, surgery, and outcomes. All methods of nutritional assessment in pediatric surgery were evaluated for their relevance and relation to outcomes after surgery. The Oxford Center for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM) classification for levels of evidence was used to develop grades of clinical recommendation for each variable studied. Results 35 articles were evaluated after an exhaustive literature search, of which six met inclusion criteria for this review. There is a paucity of high quality evidence correlating preoperative malnutrition in pediatric surgical patients with clinical outcomes. Factors contributing to the low level of evidence include a lack of high quality randomized controlled trials, a lack of consensus in study design and methods, and utilization of incongruous methods of nutritional assessment, including methods that may be unproven in the study population. Conclusion Larger multi center randomized studies are needed to offer higher level of evidence to support nutritional intervention prior to major elective pediatric surgery.

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KW - Risk Assessment

KW - Surgical Outcomes

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