Reversal of cardiac transplant rejection without massive immunosuppression

R. E. Michler, C. R. Smith, R. E. Drusin, D. S. Reison, T. J. Hickey, J. Lamb, K. Reemtsma, E. A. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although cyclosporine has decreased the severity of acute cardiac transplant rejection, most centers have continued to use high-dose intravenous steroids to treat acute rejection. To minimize the morbidity of antirejection therapy, acute rejection episodes in 37 cardiac transplant recipients were treated prospectively with only a boost of oral prednisone. Cyclospoine was continued at the same maintenance dose while oral prednisone was increased to 100 mg/day for 3 days, then rapidly tapered over 1 week to the maintenance dose. Seventy-six of 85 acute rejection episodes (90%) showed histologic resolution of mycocyte necrosis on repeat biopsy. Three acute rejection episodes (3.5%) resolved only after 'rescue therapy' with intravenous steroid, and an additional three episodes (3.5%) required the combination of intravenous steroid and rabbit antithymocyte globulin to effect resolution. In addition, three acute rejection episodes (3.5%) resulted in graft loss. This was fatal in two patients and one patient underwent successful retransplantation. Oral steroid therapy alone is adequate therapy for most acute rejection episodes in cyclosporine-treated heart transplant recipients, and low infectious morbidity and mortality has been associated with this antirejection protocol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)III-68-III-71
JournalCirculation
Volume74
Issue number5 II MONOGR. 125
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Michler, R. E., Smith, C. R., Drusin, R. E., Reison, D. S., Hickey, T. J., Lamb, J., Reemtsma, K., & Rose, E. A. (1986). Reversal of cardiac transplant rejection without massive immunosuppression. Circulation, 74(5 II MONOGR. 125), III-68-III-71.