Although cyclosporine has decreased the severity of acute cardiac transplant rejection, most centers have continued to use high-dose intravenous steroids to treat acute rejection. To minimize the morbidity of antirejection therapy, acute rejection episodes in 37 cardiac transplant recipients were treated prospectively with only a boost of oral prednisone. Cyclospoine was continued at the same maintenance dose while oral prednisone was increased to 100 mg/day for 3 days, then rapidly tapered over 1 week to the maintenance dose. Seventy-six of 85 acute rejection episodes (90%) showed histologic resolution of mycocyte necrosis on repeat biopsy. Three acute rejection episodes (3.5%) resolved only after 'rescue therapy' with intravenous steroid, and an additional three episodes (3.5%) required the combination of intravenous steroid and rabbit antithymocyte globulin to effect resolution. In addition, three acute rejection episodes (3.5%) resulted in graft loss. This was fatal in two patients and one patient underwent successful retransplantation. Oral steroid therapy alone is adequate therapy for most acute rejection episodes in cyclosporine-treated heart transplant recipients, and low infectious morbidity and mortality has been associated with this antirejection protocol.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Issue number||5 II MONOGR. 125|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)