Over a 39 month period, 143 patients with coronary artery disease had programmed stimulation (PES) for recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF). Twenty-two patients underwent operations. Ages ranged from 40 to 71 years; 20 of the 22 were men. All patients had coronary artery disease and 11 had left ventricular aneurysms. The mean ejection fraction was 31% (16% to 50%). Eighteen of the 22 patients underwent operations for drug-resistant ventricular arrhythmias (more than six different drugs plus drug combinations tested per patient). Nineteen patients had intraoperative mapping, endocardial resection, and/or an encircling endocardial ventriculotomy. Three patients with ischemia-related VT had coronary artery bypass (CABG) alone. The 30 day operative mortality was 14%. Thirteen of 19 (68%) operative survivors were effectively controlled with operation alone or a combination of operation and previously ineffective drug therapy. Of the six patients whose VT was inducible postoperatively, three have experienced episodes of sustained VT and one patient died suddenly. Three of these patients have the automatic implantable defibrillator. Operation guided by endocardial mapping is effective alone or in combination with drugs in this select group of patients. If the patients' VT was uninducible postoperatively with or without the addition of antiarrhythmic therapy, late deaths (3/19) were due to poor myocardial reserve and coronary artery disease, not the reemergence of sustained ventricular arrhythmias during a mean follow-up of 15 months.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine