Results of Displaced Pediatric Tibial Spine Fractures: A Comparison between Open, Arthroscopic, and Closed Management

Eric W. Edmonds, Eric D. Fornari, Jesse Dashe, Joanna H. Roocroft, Marissa M. King, Andrew T. Pennock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Displaced tibial spine fractures are frequently treated with surgical reduction and fixation, but no comparison studies have been performed. This study was undertaken to compare fragment reduction and adverse outcomes between open arthrotomy [open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF)], arthroscopy [arthroscopic-assisted internal fixation (AAIF)], and closed management [closed management and casting (CMC)] of pediatric tibial spine fractures. Methods: A retrospective review of children treated for displaced tibial spine fractures from 2003 to 2011 was performed after categorizing into the 3 treatment groups. Demographics, mechanism of injury, radiographic measures (plain film and computed tomography), treatment, duration of immobilization and follow-up, final range of motion, and complications were recorded. Families were contacted to obtain long-term Lysholm scores, return to activity, pain, and satisfaction with treatment. Results: Seventy-six children (mean age, 12.4 y) met criteria with 29 ORIF, 28 AAIF, and 19 CMC. Radiographic measurements between x-ray and computed tomography scans found a mean error of 1 mm (SD=1.33 mm; inter-class coefficient=0.977, P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-656
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • arthroscopy
  • children
  • open
  • tibial spine
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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