Restriction enzyme-mediated integration elevates transformation frequency and enables co-transfection of Toxoplasma gondii

Michael Black, Frank Seeber, Dominique Soldati, Kami Kim, John C. Boothroyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report describes the use of restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI) to increase the transformation frequency and allow co-transfection of several unselected constructs under the selection of a single selectable marker. We found that while BamHI (the enzyme used to originally demonstrate REMI (Schiestl, R.H. and Petes, T.D. (1991) Integration of DNA fragments by illegitimate recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88, 7585-7589) increased the number of transformants by 2-5-fold over the control without added enzyme, NotI proved to be a further 29-46-times more effective in enhancing stable transformation. This simple technique was used in the transformation of three non-selective markers (two modified membrane proteins and β-galactosidase) with a selectable construct expressing chloramphenicol acetyltransferase. Following chloramphenicol selection, four out of ten independent transformants stably acquired all four constructs with at least two expressing all four genes at the protein level. These results demonstrate that REMI may be used in the efficient stable transformation and co-transfection of this and perhaps other protozoan parasites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

Keywords

  • BamHI
  • Co-transfection
  • NotI
  • Restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI)
  • Transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Molecular Biology

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