Response to Pneumococcal Vaccine Among Asymptomatic Heterosexual Partners of Persons with Aids and Intravenous Drug Users Infected with Human

Robert S. Klein, Peter A. Selwyn, Diana Maude, Catherine Pollard, Katherine Freeman, Gerald Schiffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antibody responses to pneumococcal vaccine were studied in asymptomatic heterosexual partners of persons with AIDS and intravenous drug users seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Serum antibodies to 12 pneumococcal capsular antigens were measured by radioimunoassay. Eleven intravenous drug users seropositive for HIV, 13 seronegative intravenous drug users, and 10 each seropositive and seronegative sexual partners received 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine. Additional unvaccinated matched seropositives served as controls. Antibody responses were significantly lower among subjects seropositive for HIV (P <.05). Fourteen (880/0) of 16 seropositive subjects with baseline type-specific antibodies to one or more pneumococcal antigens <300 ng of antibody nitrogen/ml (ngAbN/ml) demonstrated a rise in one or more of these antibodies to >400 ngAbN/ml. No clinical deterioration or decrease in T4 cells attributable to vaccination was found. Although antibody responses to pneumococcal vaccine among HIV-infected subjects were impaired, most with antibody levels <300 ngAbN/ml developed titers of one or more type-specific antibodies to levels >400 ngAbN/ml without notable adverse effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)826-831
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume160
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Response to Pneumococcal Vaccine Among Asymptomatic Heterosexual Partners of Persons with Aids and Intravenous Drug Users Infected with Human'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this