Resolvin d1 administration is beneficial in trypanosoma cruzi infection

Aline L. Horta, Tere Williams, Bing Han, Yanfen Ma, Ana Paula J. Menezes, Vincent Tu, André Talvani, Louis M. Weiss, Huan Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chagas disease is a major public health issue, affecting ∼10 million people worldwide. Transmitted by a protozoan named Trypanosoma cruzi, this infection triggers a chronic inflammatory process that can lead to cardiomyopathy (Chagas disease). Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a novel proresolution lipid mediator whose effects on inflammatory diseases dampens pathological inflammatory responses and can restore tissue homeostasis. Current therapies are not effective in altering the outcome of T. cruzi infection, and as RvD1 has been evaluated as a therapeutic agent in various inflammatory diseases, we examined if exogenous RvD1 could modulate the pathogenesis of Chagas disease in a murine model. CD-1 mice infected with the T. cruzi Brazil strain were treated with RvD1. Mice were administered 3 μg/kg of body weight RvD1 intraperitoneally on days 5, 10, and 15 to examine the effect of RvD1 on acute disease or administered the same dose on days 60, 65, and 70 to examine its effects on chronic infection. RvD1 therapy increased the survival rate and controlled parasite replication in mice with acute infection and reduced the levels of interferon gamma and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) in mice with chronic infection. In addition, there was an increase in interleukin-10 levels with RvD1 therapy in both mice with acute infection and mice with chronic infection and a decrease in TGF-β levels and collagen content in cardiac tissue. Together, these data indicate that RvD1 therapy can dampen the inflammatory response, promote the resolution of T. cruzi infection, and prevent cardiac fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00052
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiac tissue
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Fibrosis
  • Host response
  • Immunopathogenesis
  • Inflammation
  • Resolvin
  • Rvd1
  • Therapy
  • Trypanosoma cruzi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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