Resolved psoriasis lesions retain expression of a subset of disease-related genes

Mayte Suárez-Farĩas, Judilyn Fuentes-Duculan, Michelle A. Lowes, James G. Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

Psoriasis is a complex inflammatory disease that usually heals without visible scarring. Histological evaluation often suggests complete resolution, but reversal of genomic disease-associated alterations has not yet been defined. Gene expression profiling was used to determine the extent to which the psoriasis genes were reversed after 3 months of etanercept treatment in patients who responded to treatment. We reviewed the histology, leukocyte counts, and PCR data for inflammatory genes, to compare recovery of these parameters and the genomic studies. Many cellular markers do return close to nonlesional levels, although five inflammatory genes did not improve by 75% (IL-12p35, MX1, IL-22, IL-17, and IFNγ). Psoriasis-related genes with 75% improvement were defined as comprising a residual disease genomic profile, composed of 248 probe sets. Genes of interest in psoriasis tissue that did not return to baseline included LYVE-1, WNT5A, RAB31, and AQP9. It appears that even when the epidermal reaction in psoriasis is fully resolved, inflammation, as defined by expression of key cytokines and chemokines, is not completely resolved in treated lesions. We also found that structural cells of the skin continued to express molecular alterations, and that some subtle features of skin structure, for example, lymphatics, were not fully normalized with treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-400
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume131
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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    Suárez-Farĩas, M., Fuentes-Duculan, J., Lowes, M. A., & Krueger, J. G. (2011). Resolved psoriasis lesions retain expression of a subset of disease-related genes. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 131(2), 391-400. https://doi.org/10.1038/jid.2010.280