Background/Purpose: Image-defined vessel encasement is a significant risk factor for surgical complications and incomplete resection for intermediate-risk tumors. We sought to examine the impact of vessel encasement on complications or resectability in intermediate-risk or high-risk patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 207 consecutive patients with circumferential encasement of the renal vessels, celiac axis, and/or superior mesenteric artery (SMA) who underwent resection between 1991 and 2009. Specifically, we evaluated resection rates, complications, and outcome. Results: Median age at diagnosis was 3.0 years, and 79% of patients had stage 4 disease. Of known MYCN status, 23.4% had MYCN amplification. Vessel encasement included renal vessels, celiac axis, or SMA alone in 107, 7, and 4 patients, respectively. Both the renal vessels and celiac axis were encased in 5 patients, renal vessels and SMA in 7 patients, and celiac axis and SMA in 14 patients. Sixty-three patients had all 3 vessels encased. The gross total resection (GTR) rate was 94%. No operative or postoperative deaths occurred. The overall complication rate was 34.8% (n = 72). Overall 5-year survival (±SEM) was 67.4% (±7.4%). Conclusion: Encasement of major visceral arteries in patients with neuroblastoma who have received chemotherapy does not preclude gross total resection.
- Vessel encasement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health