Repair of the infarcted myocardium

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The adult mammalian heart has negligible regenerative capacity; thus, sudden death of a large number of cardiomyocytes in the infarcted myocardium leads to replacement of dead cells with collagen-based scar. Repair of the infarcted heart can be divided into three distinct, but overlapping phases: the inflammatory phase, the proliferative phase and the maturation phase. Cardiomyocyte necrosis and matrix fragmentation in the infarcted myocardium release damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) that activate innate immune cascades and trigger the inflammatory reaction. Induction of chemokines and cytokines is a hallmark of the post-infarction inflammatory response mediating recruitment of neutrophils and mononuclear cells in the myocardium. As infiltrating leukocytes clear the wound from dead cells and matrix debris, pro-inflammatorysignaling is repressed and fibroblasts undergo myofibroblast conversion. Induction of specialized matricellular proteins that modulate growth factor and cytokine responses plays a critical role in activation of reparative cells and in formation of the scar. Cross-linking of the collagen-based matrix marks the end of the proliferative phase, as the scar matures and most fibroblasts and vascular cells in the wound undergo apoptosis. This chapter provides an overview of the phases of repair in the infarcted heart. Moreover, we discuss challenges and opportunities in targeting the inflammatory and reparative response following infarction in order to attenuate adverse remodeling and to prevent progression of post-infarction heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIntroduction to Translational Cardiovascular Research
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages279-297
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783319087986, 9783319087979
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Myocardium
Infarction
Cicatrix
Cardiac Myocytes
Collagen
Fibroblasts
Cytokines
Myofibroblasts
Neutrophil Infiltration
Wounds and Injuries
Sudden Death
Chemokines
Blood Vessels
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Leukocytes
Necrosis
Heart Failure
Apoptosis
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Wang, J., & Frangogiannis, N. G. (2015). Repair of the infarcted myocardium. In Introduction to Translational Cardiovascular Research (pp. 279-297). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08798-6_16

Repair of the infarcted myocardium. / Wang, Junhong; Frangogiannis, Nikolaos G.

Introduction to Translational Cardiovascular Research. Springer International Publishing, 2015. p. 279-297.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Wang, J & Frangogiannis, NG 2015, Repair of the infarcted myocardium. in Introduction to Translational Cardiovascular Research. Springer International Publishing, pp. 279-297. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08798-6_16
Wang J, Frangogiannis NG. Repair of the infarcted myocardium. In Introduction to Translational Cardiovascular Research. Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 279-297 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08798-6_16
Wang, Junhong ; Frangogiannis, Nikolaos G. / Repair of the infarcted myocardium. Introduction to Translational Cardiovascular Research. Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 279-297
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