Delayed graft function (DGF), defined as persistent renal failure that requires dialysis within the first week after kidney transplantation, occurs commonly after cadaveric renal transplantation (CRT). This has important implications for long-term outcome because the 1-year allograft survival rate is significantly reduced when DGF occurs. The mechanisms contributing to the development of DGF are not well established. However, several lines of evidence indicate that excess renin system activity, in both the cadaver kidney donor and recipient, contributes importantly to the pathogenesis of DGF. If this hypothesis can be verified in clinical studies, then pharmacologic agents that interrupt the renin-angiotensin system (eg, type 1 angiotensin II receptor blockade, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition, and β-adrenergic blockade) in the donor and recipient might significantly improve the outcome of cadaveric renal transplants.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine