Renal function and proteinuria after successful immunosuppressive therapies in patients with FSGS

Ronald J. Hogg, Aaron Friedman, Tom Greene, Milena Radeva, Milos N. Budisavljevic, Jennifer Gassman, Debbie S. Gipson, J. Ashley Jefferson, Eunice G. John, Frederick J. Kaskel, Asha Moudgil, Marva Moxey-Mims, Luis A. Ortiz, Jeffrey R. Schelling, William Schnaper, Tarak Srivastava, Howard Trachtman, V. Matti Vehaskari, Craig Wong, Robert P. WoroniekiScott K. Van Why, Anna Zolotnitskaya

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives In the FSGS Clinical Trial, 22 cyclosporine-treated and 20 mycophenolate/dexamethasone-treated patients experienced a complete or partial remission after 26 weeks, completed 52 weeks of treatment, and were studied through 78 weeks. Herein, changes in the urine protein/creatinine ratio (UP/C) and estimated GFR (eGFR) throughout the entire study period are defined. Design, setting, participants, and measurements The FSGS Clinical Trial, which was conducted from November 2004 to January 2010, enrolled patients aged 2-40 years, with eGFR ≥40 ml/min per 1.73 m2 and UP/C >1 mg/mg after ≥4 weeks of corticosteroid therapy. Both groups received lisinopril or losartan throughout the study. UP/C and eGFR were measured at 0, 26, 52, and 78 weeks. Results The median UP/C in the cyclosporine- and mycophenolate/dexamethasone-responsive patients fell by 89.8% and 82.7% at 52 weeks; the fall was largely sustained at 78 weeks (74.7% and 80.3%, respectively). The mean eGFR fell by 19.4% in the cyclosporine group and rose by 7.0% in the mycophenolate mofetil/dexamethasone group at 52 weeks, but subsequently rose by 16.4% and fell by 2.6%, respectively, in the two groups from 52 to 78 weeks. Conclusions In this subset of responding FSGS patients, the improvement in UP/C after cyclosporine or mycophenolate/dexamethasone treatment was largely sustained for 6 months after therapy. Reduction in eGFR in the cyclosporine group was improved 6 months after cyclosporine was stopped although the levels were lower than baseline in seven patients who entered the study with decreased eGFR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2013
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Hogg, R. J., Friedman, A., Greene, T., Radeva, M., Budisavljevic, M. N., Gassman, J., Gipson, D. S., Ashley Jefferson, J., John, E. G., Kaskel, F. J., Moudgil, A., Moxey-Mims, M., Ortiz, L. A., Schelling, J. R., Schnaper, W., Srivastava, T., Trachtman, H., Matti Vehaskari, V., Wong, C., ... Zolotnitskaya, A. (2013). Renal function and proteinuria after successful immunosuppressive therapies in patients with FSGS. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 8(2), 211-218. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.08330812