Remote continuous glucose monitoring with a computerized insulin infusion protocol for critically ill patients in a covid-19 medical icu: Proof of concept

Georgia M. Davis, Eileen Faulds, Tara Walker, Debbie Vigliotti, Marina Rabinovich, Joi Hester, Limin Peng, Barbara McLean, Patricia Hannon, Norma Poindexter, Petrena Saunders, Citlalli Perez-Guzman, Seema S. Tekwani, Greg S. Martin, Guillermo Umpierrez, Shivani Agarwal, Kathleen Dungan, Francisco J. Pasquel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The use of remote real-time continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in the hospital has rapidly emerged to preserve personal protective equipment and reduce potential exposures during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We linked a hybrid CGM and point-of-care (POC) glucose testing protocol to a computerized decision support system for continuous insulin infusion and integrated a validation system for sensor glucose values into the electronic health record. We report our proof-of-concept experience in a COVID-19 intensive care unit. RESULTS All nine patients required mechanical ventilation and corticosteroids. During the protocol, 75.7% of sensor values were within 20% of the reference POC glucose with an associated average reduction in POC of 63%. Mean time in range (70–180 mg/dL) was 71.4 ± 13.9%. Sensor accuracy was impacted by mechanical interferences in four patients. CONCLUSIONS A hybrid protocol integrating real-time CGM and POC is helpful for managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 requiring insulin infusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1055-1058
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetes care
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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