Religiosity prevalence and its association with depression and anxiety symptoms among Hispanic/Latino adults

Shir Lerman, Molly Jung, Elva M. Arredondo, Janice M. Barnhart, Jianwen Cai, Sheila F. Castañeda, Martha L. Daviglus, Rebeca A. Espinoza, Aida L. Giachello, Kristine M. Molina, Krista Perreira, Hugo Salgado, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Robert C. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms. Design The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18–74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i.e., religious affiliation, frequency of attending religious activities and importance of religion), depression (assessed with the CESD-10), and trait anxiety (assessed with the STAI-10) were included in the present study. Distribution of religiosity is described by sociodemographic characteristics. Associations between religiosity with depression and anxiety were examined with logistic regression models controlling for sex, age group, education, Hispanic/Latino background, clinical center, and nativity. Results The majority of the population (89.5%) reported having a religious affiliation. Weekly attendance at religious activities was reported by 41.6% of participants, while 20.6% did not attend any religious activities. Religion was very important to 63.9% and not at all important to 6.7% of the population. The CES-D scores and trait anxiety scores were not significantly related in the overall group to frequency of attending religious activity or perceived importance of religion. However, in age-stratified analyses, among older individuals (65+ years old) reporting “never” participating in religious activities compared to more than once per week was associated with an 80% higher likelihood of having high depressive symptomatology. Similarly, in the older age group, no religious affiliation or reporting that religion is “not at all important” was associated with greater anxiety symptomatology. Conclusion Religiosity varied by Hispanic/Latino background. Lack of religiosity was associated with elevated depressive or anxiety symptomology in older adults but not in young or middle-aged adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0185661
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

religion
anxiety
Hispanic Americans
Logistics
Anxiety
Education
Health
Depression
Religion
middle-aged adults
community health
sociodemographic characteristics
Age Groups
Logistic Models
education
Population
gender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Religiosity prevalence and its association with depression and anxiety symptoms among Hispanic/Latino adults. / Lerman, Shir; Jung, Molly; Arredondo, Elva M.; Barnhart, Janice M.; Cai, Jianwen; Castañeda, Sheila F.; Daviglus, Martha L.; Espinoza, Rebeca A.; Giachello, Aida L.; Molina, Kristine M.; Perreira, Krista; Salgado, Hugo; Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia; Kaplan, Robert C.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 13, No. 2, e0185661, 01.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lerman, S, Jung, M, Arredondo, EM, Barnhart, JM, Cai, J, Castañeda, SF, Daviglus, ML, Espinoza, RA, Giachello, AL, Molina, KM, Perreira, K, Salgado, H, Wassertheil-Smoller, S & Kaplan, RC 2018, 'Religiosity prevalence and its association with depression and anxiety symptoms among Hispanic/Latino adults', PLoS One, vol. 13, no. 2, e0185661. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185661
Lerman, Shir ; Jung, Molly ; Arredondo, Elva M. ; Barnhart, Janice M. ; Cai, Jianwen ; Castañeda, Sheila F. ; Daviglus, Martha L. ; Espinoza, Rebeca A. ; Giachello, Aida L. ; Molina, Kristine M. ; Perreira, Krista ; Salgado, Hugo ; Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia ; Kaplan, Robert C. / Religiosity prevalence and its association with depression and anxiety symptoms among Hispanic/Latino adults. In: PLoS One. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 2.
@article{8e86a08d95724e689127914379894fab,
title = "Religiosity prevalence and its association with depression and anxiety symptoms among Hispanic/Latino adults",
abstract = "Objectives Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms. Design The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18–74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i.e., religious affiliation, frequency of attending religious activities and importance of religion), depression (assessed with the CESD-10), and trait anxiety (assessed with the STAI-10) were included in the present study. Distribution of religiosity is described by sociodemographic characteristics. Associations between religiosity with depression and anxiety were examined with logistic regression models controlling for sex, age group, education, Hispanic/Latino background, clinical center, and nativity. Results The majority of the population (89.5{\%}) reported having a religious affiliation. Weekly attendance at religious activities was reported by 41.6{\%} of participants, while 20.6{\%} did not attend any religious activities. Religion was very important to 63.9{\%} and not at all important to 6.7{\%} of the population. The CES-D scores and trait anxiety scores were not significantly related in the overall group to frequency of attending religious activity or perceived importance of religion. However, in age-stratified analyses, among older individuals (65+ years old) reporting “never” participating in religious activities compared to more than once per week was associated with an 80{\%} higher likelihood of having high depressive symptomatology. Similarly, in the older age group, no religious affiliation or reporting that religion is “not at all important” was associated with greater anxiety symptomatology. Conclusion Religiosity varied by Hispanic/Latino background. Lack of religiosity was associated with elevated depressive or anxiety symptomology in older adults but not in young or middle-aged adults.",
author = "Shir Lerman and Molly Jung and Arredondo, {Elva M.} and Barnhart, {Janice M.} and Jianwen Cai and Casta{\~n}eda, {Sheila F.} and Daviglus, {Martha L.} and Espinoza, {Rebeca A.} and Giachello, {Aida L.} and Molina, {Kristine M.} and Krista Perreira and Hugo Salgado and Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller and Kaplan, {Robert C.}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0185661",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Religiosity prevalence and its association with depression and anxiety symptoms among Hispanic/Latino adults

AU - Lerman, Shir

AU - Jung, Molly

AU - Arredondo, Elva M.

AU - Barnhart, Janice M.

AU - Cai, Jianwen

AU - Castañeda, Sheila F.

AU - Daviglus, Martha L.

AU - Espinoza, Rebeca A.

AU - Giachello, Aida L.

AU - Molina, Kristine M.

AU - Perreira, Krista

AU - Salgado, Hugo

AU - Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia

AU - Kaplan, Robert C.

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Objectives Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms. Design The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18–74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i.e., religious affiliation, frequency of attending religious activities and importance of religion), depression (assessed with the CESD-10), and trait anxiety (assessed with the STAI-10) were included in the present study. Distribution of religiosity is described by sociodemographic characteristics. Associations between religiosity with depression and anxiety were examined with logistic regression models controlling for sex, age group, education, Hispanic/Latino background, clinical center, and nativity. Results The majority of the population (89.5%) reported having a religious affiliation. Weekly attendance at religious activities was reported by 41.6% of participants, while 20.6% did not attend any religious activities. Religion was very important to 63.9% and not at all important to 6.7% of the population. The CES-D scores and trait anxiety scores were not significantly related in the overall group to frequency of attending religious activity or perceived importance of religion. However, in age-stratified analyses, among older individuals (65+ years old) reporting “never” participating in religious activities compared to more than once per week was associated with an 80% higher likelihood of having high depressive symptomatology. Similarly, in the older age group, no religious affiliation or reporting that religion is “not at all important” was associated with greater anxiety symptomatology. Conclusion Religiosity varied by Hispanic/Latino background. Lack of religiosity was associated with elevated depressive or anxiety symptomology in older adults but not in young or middle-aged adults.

AB - Objectives Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms. Design The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18–74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i.e., religious affiliation, frequency of attending religious activities and importance of religion), depression (assessed with the CESD-10), and trait anxiety (assessed with the STAI-10) were included in the present study. Distribution of religiosity is described by sociodemographic characteristics. Associations between religiosity with depression and anxiety were examined with logistic regression models controlling for sex, age group, education, Hispanic/Latino background, clinical center, and nativity. Results The majority of the population (89.5%) reported having a religious affiliation. Weekly attendance at religious activities was reported by 41.6% of participants, while 20.6% did not attend any religious activities. Religion was very important to 63.9% and not at all important to 6.7% of the population. The CES-D scores and trait anxiety scores were not significantly related in the overall group to frequency of attending religious activity or perceived importance of religion. However, in age-stratified analyses, among older individuals (65+ years old) reporting “never” participating in religious activities compared to more than once per week was associated with an 80% higher likelihood of having high depressive symptomatology. Similarly, in the older age group, no religious affiliation or reporting that religion is “not at all important” was associated with greater anxiety symptomatology. Conclusion Religiosity varied by Hispanic/Latino background. Lack of religiosity was associated with elevated depressive or anxiety symptomology in older adults but not in young or middle-aged adults.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041540361&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041540361&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0185661

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0185661

M3 - Article

C2 - 29415030

AN - SCOPUS:85041540361

VL - 13

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 2

M1 - e0185661

ER -