Relationships of nativity and length of residence in the U.S. with favorable cardiovascular health among Hispanics/Latinos: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Kiarri N. Kershaw, Rebeca Espinoza Giacinto, Franklyn Gonzalez, Carmen R. Isasi, Hugo Salgado, Jeremiah Stamler, Gregory A. Talavera, Wassim Tarraf, Linda Van Horn, Donghong Wu, Martha L. Daviglus

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Individuals with favorable levels of all readily measured major CVD risk factors (low CV risk) during middle age incur lower cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, lower all-cause mortality, and lower Medicare costs at older ages compared to adults with one or more unfavorable CVD risk factors. Studies on predictors of low CV risk in Hispanics/Latinos have focused solely on Mexican-Americans. The objective of this study was to use data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL; enrolled 2008 to 2011) to assess relationships of nativity and length of residence in the US, a commonly used proxy for acculturation, with low CV risk (not currently smoking; no diabetes; untreated total cholesterol 2; and no major ECG abnormalities) in 15,047 Central American, South American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican men and women, and Hispanic/Latino men and women identifying as other or >1 heritage. We also tested whether associations varied by Hispanic/Latino background. Women living in the US <10 years were 1.96 (95% confidence interval: 1.37, 2.80) times more likely to be low CV risk than US-born women after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, diet, physical activity, and self-reported experiences of ethnic discrimination. Findings varied in men by Hispanic/Latino background, but length of residence was largely unrelated to low CV risk. These findings highlight the role acculturative processes play in shaping cardiovascular health in Hispanics/Latinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-89
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Hispanics/Latinos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

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