Relationship of pseudopod extension to chemotactic hormone-induced actin polymerization in amoeboid cells.

A. L. Hall, A. Schlein, John S. Condeelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aggregation-competent amoeboid cells of Dictyostelium discoideum are chemotactic toward cAMP. Video microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were used to quantitate changes in cell morphology and locomotion during uniform upshifts in the concentration of cAMP. These studies demonstrate that morphological and motile responses to cAMP are sufficiently synchronous within a cell population to allow relevant biochemical analyses to be performed on large numbers of cells. Changes in cell behavior were correlated with F-actin content by using an NBD-phallacidin binding assay. These studies demonstrate that actin polymerization occurs in two stages in response to stimulation of cells with extracellular cAMP and involves the addition of monomers to the cytochalasin D-sensitive (barbed) ends of actin filaments. The second stage of actin assembly, which peaks at 60 sec following an upshift in cAMP concentration, is temporally correlated with the growth of new pseudopods. The F-actin assembled by 60 sec is localized in these new pseudopods. These results indicate that actin polymerization may constitute one of the driving forces for pseudopod extension in amoeboid cells and that nucleation sites regulating polymerization are under the control of chemotaxis receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-299
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume37
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1988

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Pseudopodia
Polymerization
Actins
Hormones
Cytochalasin D
Video Microscopy
Dictyostelium
Chemotaxis
Actin Cytoskeleton
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Cell Movement
Cell Count
Assays
Microscopic examination
Nucleation
Agglomeration
Monomers
Cells
Growth
Scanning electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Relationship of pseudopod extension to chemotactic hormone-induced actin polymerization in amoeboid cells. / Hall, A. L.; Schlein, A.; Condeelis, John S.

In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Vol. 37, No. 3, 07.1988, p. 285-299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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