OBJECTIVE: To quantify the age-specific and reproductive organ-specific cancer risk after an atypical glandular cell (AGC) cytologic interpretation in large clinic-based sample in which routine high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is conducted. METHODS: To estimate the absolute risk of cervical precancer, cervical cancer, and endometrial cancer in women with AGC cytology, we conducted a cross-sectional study of women with AGC cytology (n=1,422) in a large health maintenance organization that introduced high-risk HPV DNA testing into cervical cancer screening in 2003. Risks and binomial exact 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or more severe (CIN 2 or worse) and endometrial cancer were calculated. Results: A total of 238 women with AGC cytology (16.7%, 95% CI 14.8-18.8%) were diagnosed with CIN 2 or worse, endometrial cancer, or other cancers. Among women aged 50 years or older, 420 high-risk HPV-negative women were at a 10.5% (95% CI 7.7-13.8%) risk of endometrial cancer, and 77 high-risk HPV-positive women were at a 10.4% (95% CI 4.6-19.4%) risk of cervical cancer and 0% (95% CI 0.0-4.7%) risk of endometrial cancer. Conclusion: High-risk HPV testing may distinguish between risk of endometrial cancer and cervical cancer in women with AGC cervical cytology, particularly in women aged 50 years or older.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology