Background The aim of this study was to determine the association between neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and severity of lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). Methods A retrospective chart review identified 928 patients referred for peripheral angiography. NLR was assessed from routine pre-procedural hemograms with automated differentials and available in 733 patients. Outcomes of interest were extent of disease on peripheral angiography and target vessel revascularization. Median follow-up was 10.4 months. Odds ratio (OR) [95% confidence intervals] was assessed using a logistic regression model. Results There was a significant association between elevated NLR and presence of severe multi-level PAD versus isolated suprapopliteal or isolated infrapopliteal disease (OR 1.11 [1.03–1.19], p = 0.007). This association remained significant even after adjustment for age (OR 1.09 [1.01–1.17], p = 0.02); age, sex, race, and body mass index (OR 1.08 [1.00–1.16], p = 0.046); and age, sex, race, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, and creatinine (OR 1.07 [1.00–1.15], p = 0.049). After additional adjustment for clinical presentation, there was a trend towards association between NLR and severe multi-level PAD (OR 1.07 [1.00–1.15], p = 0.056), likely limited by sample size. In patients who underwent endovascular intervention (n = 523), there was no significant difference in rate of target vessel revascularization across tertiles of NLR (1st tertile 14.8%, 2nd tertile 14.1%, 3rd tertile 20.1%; p = 0.32). Conclusion In a contemporary cohort of patients undergoing peripheral angiography with possible endovascular intervention, elevated NLR was independently associated with severe multi-level PAD. Larger studies evaluating the association between this inexpensive biomarker and clinical outcomes are warranted.
- Peripheral angiography
- Peripheral artery disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine