Acute type A aortic dissection requires timely diagnosis and intervention. Previous studies have examined risk factors associated with delayed diagnosis; however, the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) has not been previously studied. Our study examined the impact of various SES measures on time to diagnosis. We examined time to diagnosis in consecutive cases of acute type A aortic dissection at a single institution. SES variables included race/ethnicity, Medicaid eligibility, and residence in a zip code with an increased Distressed Communities Index—an aggregate measure of community SES. Delayed diagnosis was defined as time to diagnosis in the upper quartile of the study population (>6.6 hours). A model predicting risk factors for delayed diagnosis was created using multivariable logistic regression. Our study included 124 patients with a median time to diagnosis of 3.36 hours (interquartile range [IQR] 1.83 to 6.63). A total of 92 patients were in the nondelayed cohort (median diagnosis time of 2.59 hours, IQR 1.49 to 4.18) and 32 patients were in the delayed cohort (median diagnosis time of 15.57 hours, IQR 9.34 to 28.75). In multivariable logistic regression, residence in a high–Distressed Communities Index zip code was associated with diagnostic delay (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 5.108, p = 0.008). Patient age (aOR 0.944, p = 0.011), chest pain at presentation (aOR 0.099, p = 0.004), back pain at presentation (aOR 0.247, p = 0.012), evidence of malperfusion syndrome (aOR 0.040, p <0.001), history of hyperlipidemia (aOR 3.507, p = 0.026), and history of congestive heart failure (aOR 0.061, p = 0.036) were also significantly associated. In conclusion, our findings suggest community-level SES affects time to diagnosis in acute type A aortic dissection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine