Ventricular strain and dyssynchrony can be measured in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), but their effect on clinical outcomes is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate if ventricular strain and dyssynchrony measured by cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking are associated with death and sustained ventricular tachycardia. Patients with TOF who died or had ventricular tachycardia (TOF case, n = 16) were compared with age-matched patients with TOF with no adverse outcome (TOF control, n = 32). For each patient, midventricular short-axis and 4-chamber cine steady-state free precession images were analyzed using cardiac magnetic resonance feature-tracking software. Peak left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) global circumferential and longitudinal strain and indexes of dyssynchrony were compared between groups. Compared with the TOF control group, median strain values were significantly lower for the TOF case group for both the LV (circumferential: 17% vs 23%, p = 0.003; longitudinal: 13% vs 18%, p <0.001) and the RV (circumferential: 10% vs 16%, p = 0.001; longitudinal: 11% vs 18%, p <0.001). In a multivariate model including strain and dyssynchrony parameters, RV and LV longitudinal strain were strongly associated with the adverse outcome (p = 0.003 and 0.04, respectively; area under the curve = 0.92). No differences in ventricular dyssynchrony were identified between the groups. In conclusion, patients with TOF in this cohort who experienced adverse outcomes had lower values of all strain parameters than those who did not, and impaired longitudinal strain of both ventricles was strongly associated with adverse clinical outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine