Reinke's Edema

Raluca Tavaluc, Melin Tan-Geller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Reinke's edema (RE) is the polypoid degeneration of one or both vocal folds within Reinke's space. The viscoelastic properties of the mucosal folds are characteristically altered by the expansion of the subepithelial space. Most frequently, patients present with dysphonia, with women being more affected than men. The primary risk factor is tobacco use. Voice overuse and laryngopharyngeal reflux are also considered to be contributory. Although RE shares the same primary risk factor as malignancy, the risk of malignancy is low, and dysplasia is found only in 0% to 3% of cases. Treatment is focused on decrease of risk factors, such as implementation of smoking cessation, voice therapy, and reflux control. Surgical techniques aim to decrease redundant polypoid mucosa in order to improve voice and restore the glottic airway. Recurrence of RE is high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOtolaryngologic Clinics of North America
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Edema
Laryngopharyngeal Reflux
Dysphonia
Vocal Cords
Tobacco Use
Smoking Cessation
Tongue
Neoplasms
Mucous Membrane
Recurrence
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Dysplasia
  • Dyspnea
  • Microflap techiniques
  • Reinke's edema
  • Reinke's space
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Reinke's Edema. / Tavaluc, Raluca; Tan-Geller, Melin.

In: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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abstract = "Reinke's edema (RE) is the polypoid degeneration of one or both vocal folds within Reinke's space. The viscoelastic properties of the mucosal folds are characteristically altered by the expansion of the subepithelial space. Most frequently, patients present with dysphonia, with women being more affected than men. The primary risk factor is tobacco use. Voice overuse and laryngopharyngeal reflux are also considered to be contributory. Although RE shares the same primary risk factor as malignancy, the risk of malignancy is low, and dysplasia is found only in 0{\%} to 3{\%} of cases. Treatment is focused on decrease of risk factors, such as implementation of smoking cessation, voice therapy, and reflux control. Surgical techniques aim to decrease redundant polypoid mucosa in order to improve voice and restore the glottic airway. Recurrence of RE is high.",
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AB - Reinke's edema (RE) is the polypoid degeneration of one or both vocal folds within Reinke's space. The viscoelastic properties of the mucosal folds are characteristically altered by the expansion of the subepithelial space. Most frequently, patients present with dysphonia, with women being more affected than men. The primary risk factor is tobacco use. Voice overuse and laryngopharyngeal reflux are also considered to be contributory. Although RE shares the same primary risk factor as malignancy, the risk of malignancy is low, and dysplasia is found only in 0% to 3% of cases. Treatment is focused on decrease of risk factors, such as implementation of smoking cessation, voice therapy, and reflux control. Surgical techniques aim to decrease redundant polypoid mucosa in order to improve voice and restore the glottic airway. Recurrence of RE is high.

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