Regulation of transforming growth factor α gene expression in an ovarian surface epithelial cell line derived from a human carcinoma

S. K. Jindal, E. Ishii, M. Letarte, S. Vera, K. J. Teerds, J. H. Dorrington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The surface epithelium plays an important role in normal ovarian physiology: the cells proliferate in the vicinity of the developing preovulatory follicle to accommodate the increase in follicular size, and to repair the surface after ovulation. These bouts of mitotic activity in vivo must be strictly regulated by the activity of growth factors and their receptors. Since transforming growth factor α (TGFα) has been identified as a growth-promoting factor for normal surface epithelial cells from human ovaries and ovarian surface epithelial cell lines, we have examined the regulation of the TGFα gene in HEY cells, a surface epithelial cell line derived from a human ovarian carcinoma. Treatment of HEY cells for 60 h with estradiol-17β, dihydrotestosterone, or progesterone at concentrations ranging from 5 x 10-8 to 5 x 10-6 M did not influence the level of the 4.5-kb transcript for TGFα. Treatment of HEY cells with TGFα increased the steady-state levels of TGFα mRNA, indicating that an autoregulatory mechanism could result in overexpression of TGFα. TGFβ, a known growth inhibitor of ovarian surface epithelial cells, decreased the steady-state levels of TGFα mRNA, suggesting a mechanism by which the levels of TGFα and mitotic activity could be regulated. HEY cells, like the human surface epithelial cells from which they were derived, were found by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to contain TGFβ1 mRNA. The TGFβ1 mRNA was translated into immunoreactive TGFβ1, indicating that TGFβ can act in an autocrine manner. By use of quantitative PCR, HEY cells were shown to express the genes for the TGFβ receptor II, betaglycan and endoglin. By cross- linking, these components of the TGFβ receptor system were found to bind TGFβ1. This is the first demonstration of expression of functional TGFβ receptors in HEY cells and represents the first demonstration in an ovarian cell system. In summary, our findings suggest that the levels of TGFα and the cell growth of normal and transformed surface epithelial cells from human ovaries may be regulated by the interaction of autoregulatory mechanisms involving TGFα and TGFβ ligand-receptor systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1027-1037
Number of pages11
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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