Regulation of the expression of enzymes involved in the replication of DNA in chemically-induced granulocytic differentiation of HL-60 leukemia cells

Yixiang Chen, John A. Sokoloski, Edward Chu, Alan C. Sartorelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The expression of seven enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of DNA was measured in HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells treated with dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) or all-trans retinoic acid (RA) to gain information on their role in the termination of proliferation in cells undergoing granulocytic differentiation. The steady-state levels of the mRNAs for topoisomerase I, topoisomerase II, DNA polymerase-α, thymidylate synthase, thymidine kinase and hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase progressively declined from day 3 to day 7 of exposure to the polar solvent or the retinoid suggesting that the expression of these enzymes is coordinately regulated. In contrast, a pronounced difference between the two inducers of differentiation occurred in the expression of the mRNA of the M2 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase, with DMSO causing virtually complete inhibition of the expression of the M2 subunit of the enzyme from day 5 through day 7, with no change in the steady-state levels of the mRNA being produced by retinoic acid. Measurement of the enzymatic activities of two of these catalysts, thymidylate synthase and thymidine kinase, in cells exposed to the two inducers of maturation corroborated the findings at the level of the mRNAs, with corresponding decreases in the activity of these enzymes. The findings collectively demonstrate that the down-regulation of the expression of a relatively wide variety of enzymes involved in DNA replication occurs as late events in the granulocytic differentiation of HL-60 cells, ensuring that cellular replication cannot occur in terminally differentiated cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-695
Number of pages9
JournalLeukemia Research
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DMSO
  • DNA biosynthesis
  • Granulocytic differentiation
  • HL-60 leukemia
  • Retinoic acid
  • mRNAs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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