Regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase by tyrosyl phosphoproteins. Full activation requires occupancy of both SH2 domains in the 85-kDa regulatory subunit

T. Rordorf-Nikolic, D. J. Van Horn, D. Chen, M. F. White, J. M. Backer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

204 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI 3'-kinase) is activated in insulin- stimulated cells by the binding of the SH2 domains in its 85-kDa regulatory subunit to insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1). We have previously shown that both tyrosyl-phosphorylated IRS-1 and mono-phosphopeptides containing a single YXXM motif activate PI 3'-kinase in vitro. However, activation by the mono-phosphopeptides was significantly less potent than activation by the multiply phosphorylated IRS-1. We now show that the increased potency of PI 3'-kinase activation by IRS-1 relative to phosphopeptide is not due to tertiary structural features IRS-1, as PI 3'-kinase is activated normally by denatured, reduced, and carboxy-methylated IRS-1. Furthermore, activation of PI 3'-kinase by bisphosphorylated peptides containing two YXXM motifs is 100- fold more potent than the corresponding mono-phosphopeptides and similar to activation by IRS-1. These data suggest that tyrosyl-phosphorylated IRS-1 or bis-phosphorylated peptides bind simultaneously to both SH2 domains of p85. However, these data cannot differentiate between an activation mechanism that requires two-site occupancy for maximal activity as opposed to one in which bivalent binding enhances the occupancy of a single activating site. To distinguish between these possibilities, we produced recombinant PI 3'- kinase containing either wild-type p85 or p85 mutated in its N-terminal, C- terminal, or both SH2 domains. We find that mutation of either SH2 domains significantly reduced phosphopeptide binding and decreased PI 3'-kinase activation by 50%, whereas mutation of both SH2 domains completely blocked binding and activation. These data provide the first direct evidence that full activation of PI 3'-kinase by tyrosyl-phosphorylated proteins requires occupancy of both SH2 domains in p85.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3662-3666
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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