The interaction of mesangial cells and monocyte-macrophages plays an important role in renal glomerular immune injury. We have, therefore, examined the regulation of two monocyte-specific cytokines, i.e., macrophage CSF-1 and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1), the product of the mouse JE gene, in mouse mesangial cells. TNF-α, IFN-γ, and aggregates of IgG increased the synthesis of CSF-1 (determined by RIA) and of MCP-1 (determined by biolabeling and immunoprecipitation). Stimulation of cAMP generation by forskolin or PGE2 decreased basal CSF-1 synthesis and attenuated the responses to TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IgG. Forskolin and PGE2 also decreased biolabeled MCP-1 generation after stimulation with IFN-γ, TNF-α, or IgG. By Northern blot analysis steady state levels of mRNA for CSF-1 and JE/MCP-1 were increased after incubation with IFN-γ, TNF-α, or IgG, and these effects were attenuated by forskolin. By using nuclear run-on assays the decrease in CSF-1 and JE/MCP-1 mRNA levels induced by stimulation of cAMP generation with forskolin was attributed to decreased transcription of these genes. Thus, agents stimulating cAMP generation, including PGE2, counterbalance the generation of CSF-1 and JE/MCP-1 in response to IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IgG complexes. The locally produced CSF-1 and MCP-1 may in turn influence the interaction between mesangial cells and monocyte-macrophages in glomerular injury.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy